|Posted by Rey Bajenting on April 12, 2014 at 5:25 AM||comments (0)|
(To break the monotony, this blog has reckoned it wise to once in a while publish or republish articles by other authors. Following is an article by Bobby Jones, about himself. This was published in Texas Monthly, June 2011. )
By Bobby Jones
I began raising birds when I was twelve years old. It was more or less a hobby for years. But by 1977, I was traveling with my birds to states where game fowl harvesting was legal. That, along with construction, was how I made my living. In the late eighties, when the economy was bad, I started a business, Bobby Jones Hatchery. I raised as many birds as the market could stand: Sometimes it was 600 or 700 a year; other times it was 1,500. Soon the birds became my sole source of income. â€¨I began getting invitations to countries where harvesting is widely accepted, like the Philippines, Guam, Saipan, and, of course, Mexico.
The reason my birds were an overnight success is that in 1970 I secured two bloodlines from a famous breeder in Killeen, Joe Goode. He was a mentor of mine. He was breeding his fowl the way everyone does today, except he was thirty or forty years ahead of his time. Back then, breeders focused on pure bloodlines—the chicken business has as many as the cattle industry does, with its Holsteins and Herefords and Brahmans—but what Goode did was find a quality rooster, then breed the rooster’s sisters to another quality, tested rooster. If he found a bird with particularly desirable characteristics, he’d take him out of fighting and focus on breeding him.
Breeding game chickens is like breeding racehorses. I mean, think of how many foals Secretariat sired. You can’t tell if a bird is promising the moment it hatches; you have to watch it over time. Ultimately what makes a good bird great is the way you care for it. It’s a 365-day-a-year job: overseeing what kind of feed your birds get, their water, their nutrients and vitamins. This animal husbandry is where it’s all at; the harvesting is just a small part of a bird’s life. I now own five bloodlines: a straight-comb red, a straight-comb dark-legged, a pea-comb, a black, and what we call a gray—it’s actually more or less yellow. Most of these breeds are referred to by their colors.
Politics often gets in the way of my livelihood. There used to be a few small harvesting facilities around Texas that I’d visit in my early twenties. But Governor Dolph Briscoe formed a crime prevention task force to control, among other things, the drugs coming across the border—this was in the seventies—and I guess law enforcement got tired of chasing drug dealers, because they started shutting down our facilities, which were labeled organized crime. That sent me on visits to Oklahoma. In 1963 a judge on Oklahoma’s court of criminal appeals had ruled that a chicken was not an animal, so harvesting was alive and well across the state line. Then, in 2002, voters in Oklahoma banned cockfighting in their state too.
This spring I spoke at the Capitol against a bill that would outlaw game fowl breeding, to defend my right to own and sell birds. John Goodwin, of the Humane Society of the United States, testified in favor of the bill. He had gone undercover and filmed some so-called illegal fights, and then he said that harvesting is associated with crime, gambling, and prostitution. But it’s not like that. The women he filmed at the fights were nothing more than sisters, mothers, and daughters; his remarks are really unfortunate. I remember one time at a facility in Louisiana, some ladies of the night did show up. It took the owners all of fifteen minutes to tell those gals they weren’t welcome.
As for gambling, what goes on at harvesting facilities is no different from what you see at a golf course, the rodeo circuit, or a bass tournament. It’s a gentleman’s wager, like betting on a football game. The governors of Texas and Oklahoma bet on the Red River Shootout every year, and there’s no discussion about that. The law comes after us even though all the golf, rodeo, and bass people are doing the same thing.
I’m not the least ashamed of what I do. People try to make comparisons to harvesting—how it’s no more or less moral than a boxing match, say—but I don’t think those comparisons are apt or necessary. Gamecocks are an agricultural commodity. No, what I’d like to see is a law that gives rural counties the power to decide what they want, instead of being told what to do by people in cities. Why are people in areas like Houston and Dallas, where there’s practically no morality, able to dictate what we do in rural areas, when they know nothing about it?
Cockfighting came over on the Mayflower. It’s part of our nation’s culture. All your plantation owners in early American history, they had their racehorses and their game fowl. There are instruments that we use in game harvesting, like the slasher and the gaff, which is like an ice pick that is fitted onto the spurs on the fighting bird’s feet. Well, the gaff originated in England; it came over on the Mayflower. And the slashers—in Mexico they are about one inch long, and in the Pacific they are longer—are comparable to what Pilgrim’s and Tyson use to harvest their birds commercially. The difference is that we have rules that govern our harvesting. When a rooster has had enough, he’s had enough, and he’s counted out just like a boxer is.
A lot of breeders, their birds have been in their family for two or three or four generations. I’m completely outside that, because I fell in love with them as a kid for their tenacity and their looks. I checked both sides of my family tree, and nobody even knew what a gamecock was until I came along.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 12, 2013 at 5:40 AM||comments (0)|
Tanong: ka mana my tanong po ako.. saan po ba nagmamana ng laro ang isang stag sa tatay po ba o sa nanay? salamat po! (Ej Marquez Dela Cruz May 10, 2013 8:13am; FB PM to Masang Nagmamanok relayed to kamana Rey Bajenting)
Sagot ni kamana Rey (Relayed by Masang Nagmamanok FB PM 9:50am May 10, 2013):
Depende po yan kamana. Theoritically and genetically half sa tatay half sa nanay. Dahil sa bawat katangian kalahati ay galling sa ama kalahati ay galling sa ina.
Pero naapektuhan yan dominant-recessive gene action. Kasi kung sinong parent ang magbato ng dominant na gene doon sa kanya magmamana ang anak sa naturang katangian.
Halimbawa sa hugis ng palong, straight comb o pea comb. Ang pea comb ay dominante kaysa straight comb. Kung ang Tatay ay straight comb at ang nanay ay peacomb. Ang lalabas sa anak ay pea comb.
100% itong mangyayri kung ang nanay ay puro pea comb. Subalit maari ring ang nanay ay pea comb kung tingnan dahil dominante nga ang pea comb kaysa straight comb, pero sa totoo ito ay half peacomb half straight comb. Pag ganito ang nanay ay hindi puro pea comb at maaring magbato sa anak ng katangiang straight comb. Kung magkataon na ang ibato ng nanay ay ang gene nito na straight comb ang lalabas sa anak nito sa brood cock na straight comb ay straight comb.
Maliban sa dominant-recessive gene action may iba pang mga factors. Isa dito ay ang sex-linked genes. Ito ang mamamana lang sa anak na opposite sex. Halimbawa ang katangiang white leg. Kung white leg ang inahin at yellow leg ang brood cock, ang lalabas sa mga anak na lalaki ay white leg at sa anak na babae ay yellow leg.
Mayroon din ang co-dominance kung kalian maghalohalo ang katangian ng ama at ina.
Samakatuwid sa fighting ability maari ring magkahalohalo ang katangian ng ama at ina, maaring lilitaw ang dominant trait, o maari ring may sex-linkage at iba pa.
Ang hugis ng palong, kulay ng paa ay mga simple hereditary traits samantalang ang katangian sa pakipaglaban ay dinidiktahan ng maraming ibat ibang genes . Kaya mahirap matukoy ang totoong sanhi ng pagiging magaling ng isang manok. Kay tiyakin nalang natin na ang ama at ina ay parehong taglay ang mga katangian na nais natin.
Itanong sa RB Sugbo: Kung may katanungan po kayo hinggil sa pagmamanok, i-click ang category na tugma sa inyong katanungan. At i-post as new topic ang inyong katanungan. Sisikapin itong sasagutin ng RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology.
Tanong: Gud pm ano po ba ang lahi ng manok ang mgagandang pumalo at madiskarte sa laban? (02:45:05AM feb 27-2007)
Sagot ni Kamana Rey:
Napakahirap sagutin ang mga ganitong katanungan. Lalo na kung sa pamamagitan lang ng pagtetext.
Oo, ang iba’t-ibang lahi ng manok dapat ay may kani-kanilang istilo sa pakipaglaban.
Halimbawa ang lemon ay dapat mautak at magaling sa cutting. Ang hatch naman ay malakas at matibay. Ngunit ang totoo ay hindi sa lahat na pagkakataon ay nagkakatotoo ito. May lemon na di gaanong mautak. May hatch naman na hindi matibay.
Kahit anong lahi o linyada ay may magagaling at may mga bulok. Kaya hindi tama na ibatay natin ang ating pagpili ng manok sa pangalan o sa katanyagan ng lahi.
Dapat ang pagpili natin ay batay sa kakayahan at katangian ng indibidwal na manok. Huwag pangalan ang habulin natin. Dapat ang galing ang ating gawing batayan sa pagpili.
Hindi kasi garantisado kung sa pangalan ng lahi natin ibatay. Una, kung hindi tapat ang nagpapalahi ay pwede niyang sabihin na ang kanyang manok ay pure lemon, kahit ito’y may halo. Pangalawa, wala naman talagang puro na genes kung manok ang pag-uusapan.
Lahat naman ng lahi ng manok ay nagsimula sa paghalohalo ng dalawa, tatlo, o mas marami pang lahi.
Kaya, huwag na nating isipin kung ano ang pangalan ng lahi ng manok. Hanapin natin ang magaling na manok, hindi ang katanyagan ng pangalan ng lahi.
Ang magaling na manok ay magaling, kahit ano paman ang tawag sa kanya.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on October 5, 2012 at 5:45 AM||comments (0)|
About a month before you start mating, the breeders should be deloused, dewormed and treated to bacterial flushing. Deworm the chickens with a reliable dewormer. Deloused them. Then give antibiotics for flushing. For this purpose, instead of chemical antibiotics, we give garlic, a natural antibiotic. Garlic has Allicin, an antibacterial compound. Because of this garlic is known as nature’s antibiotic.
We at RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology only use commercial pharmaceutical antibiotics when there is outbreak of disease. However, it is known that among the bad effects of antibiotic is that it cannot distinguish good bacteria from the bad, thereby killing both. It is therefore necessary that we give probiotic to the breeders after bacterial flushing to replenish the good bacteria killed by antibiotic. We also advice that you incorporate in the nutrition program probiotic and organic feeding methods.
The day after the bacterial flushing is completed immediately start giving probiotics such as Super Manok performance enhancer probiotic supplement, or any other good probiotic product. The two most opportune time to start probiotic application are on the first day of the chicks life and after use of antibiotics. In both cases, the good bacteria in the probiotics will have a good foothold in the micro flora of the chicken in the absence of rival bad bacteria.
Also give the breeders ample vitamin supplement. B complex and vitamins A,D,E. the hens need lots of calcium and phosphorous. The probiotics will help in the efficient absorption of nutrients, including vitamins and minerals.
Another very important element to aid fertilility and well being are herbs. Mix malunggay leaves and onions with the feed. Malunggay or moringa will increase the brood fowl’s fertility.
For feeds, give breeders pellets. Pick breeders’ pellet brands without antibiotic additive.
We at RB Sugbo also give our breeders flax seed for additional Omega 3 that will aid in egg laying rate , egg quality and fertility. It is also better to check the ph level of the water we give our chickens. Avoid water that is too acidic. Most tap water are on the acidic side and are chlorinated.
Trim the spurs of the cock. Long spurs will hurt the hens. Trim the vent feathers of both the brood cocks and hens.
Brood cocks should be just a little over their fighting weight. The hens should be neither too fat nor too thin.
Separate the brood cock from the hens when feeding. Otherwise the brood cock will offer its share to the hens.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on September 25, 2012 at 11:30 PM||comments (0)|
Progressive sequence mating is another breeding principle of RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology.
The desire of all breeders should be to improve his stock from one generation to another. Meaning, the current generation should be better than the previous one, and the next generation better than the current one. This is progressive sequence program.
The best way to assess results of your mating is to measure the pit performance of the current generation against the previous generation. This could be done by comparing the win percentage of the offspring with the average win percentage of the brood cock and its brothers and the hens’ brothers. This is the most effective provided that certain perimeters of standards are observed. Meaning, the fights that are subject of the statistics are more or less of the same caliber.
This objective process, however, would take a lot of sampling and would be sometimes unavailable. For example you may not have knowledge of the results of the fights of all the individuals in the families to which your acquired brood cock and hens belonged.
A less objective but most handy way to assess results of a mating, moreover, if the line is new to you and, therefore, not enough of produce have been fought to merit an evaluation through pit performance, is by comparing the attributes of the male offspring to those of the father. This might be subjective, but depending on your selection and evaluation capabilities, this process is also effective. At any rate, there is a very high correlation between expert’s opinion and win percentage. In you are a new breeder of the bloodline, your only option is to resort to the latter manner of assessing the results of your mating.
With the principle of progressive sequence in mind, and using the latter method of assessment, there will be four likely possible results:
1. The offspring are super.
2. The offspring are better than the father.
3. The offspring are about equal to the father.
4. The offspring are less than the father.
For each of the possibilities, we recommend corresponding subsequent matings to do in order to keep the line progressive.
The complete chapter on progressive sequence breeding is on the coming book “The Practical Breeder: Ideas that work.” soon to be published by RB Sugbo GT.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 5, 2012 at 11:30 AM||comments (0)|
The RB Sugbo bio-organic management system or Rooster Biotech, is aimed at instituting harmonious interrelationship between land and animals, and respect for their physiological and behavioral needs. This can be achieved by a combination of providing proper feeds and probiotic supplement; appropriate stocking rates, overall animal husbandry systems that fit behavioral needs, and management practices that seek to promote health and wellness and prevent diseases.
Every game fowl breeder aspires for healthy stock. As healthy young chickens grow into mighty fierce warriors. And, we believe that on pleasant ecosystem grows healthy and good chickens.
It is important to understand that biological farming is not new. Generations of farmers have successfully followed this farming method. They knew how to work the land and understood the process of harnessing nature. Biological farming today is a system that uses nature and science to build the quality of the soil with the understanding that healthy soil will be able to support healthy crops and livestock. It takes advantage of natural processes, which promote good soil, healthy crops, and healthy animals. This means using natural systems to improve soil structure; control weeds, pests, and diseases, and improve crop and livestock quality.
Soil that is healthy contains a balance between the organic particles that serve as plant food and the living micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae and the larger ones like earthworms. These organisms process and decompose the inert mineral and organic materials, thereby feeding the plants. An optimally productive soil contains a perfect balance of inorganic minerals, organic (carbon-based) materials, and living organisms, all contained within a physical structure that absorbs and holds water to facilitate natural chemical reactions that feed plants perfectly.
Excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can upset this balance in the soil, the exact opposite of what is required.
Biological farming, when applied to game fowl, also makes economic sense. The input costs of antibiotics and chemicals are reduced as the healthier chickens are more disease resistant.
The biological approach to farming yields soil that is healthy and able to support healthy crops. These crops are nutrient dense – meaning that they contain higher concentrations of plant sugars, minerals and amino acids and therefore have a higher nutritional value. And, these plants and microorganism in the soil will be eaten by the chickens providing a balance nutrient input and better absorption. Biological method applied to game fowl raising is by no means the easiest method but the results are worth it and following a biological approach means that Nature will always be there to lend a hand.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on March 10, 2012 at 6:00 AM||comments (0)|
Infusion is the bringing in of a new blood and then slowly breeding it out. Say you will introduce a kelso blood to your bloodline of sweaters the resulting generation will be ½ kelso ½ sweater. You will then breed out the kelso blood by mating the ½ kelso ½ sweater generation to a pure sweater. The next genera-tion will then be ¾ sweater ¼ kelso. If you breed an-other pure sweater to this generation, the next generation will only have 1/8 kelso blood. This generation will have individuals with blood composition that is almost back to the original. Some breeders will go as far as 1/16; or even 1/32 left of the infused bloodline.
Traditional or preservationist breeders find in-fusion a useful technique. But, to practical breeders infusion is very time-consuming. And the idea of spending for a new bloodline that you will breed out eventually, sounds silly from the point of view of a practical breeder.
The purpose of infusion is what is called shot in the arm. After generations of keeping a bloodline pure, the genetic variation will become limited and dormant, such that an injection of new genes will awaken the bloodline. By slowly breeding out the new blood, the original bloodline will be restored. This idea is very enticing to dogmatic breeders but unappealing to practical breeders.
The difference between upgrading and infusion is that in a series of upgrading the old bloodline will eventually be phased out, while in infusion the object is to restore the old bloodline with a little change in the genetic composition.
Intervention is another word we coined at RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology for another sort of a breeding-in-breeding-out technique because we did not know what the proper genetics term is, if any. There might be times that we will desire a new look in a bloodline we want to maintain. For example we have a family of hatch that we want to keep, but at the same time we desire to make them black in plumage. What we do is breed the hatch to a black family. The off-spring will have 1/2 blood of the hatch but will be black in plumage. If we breed these blacks back to the hatch family we will get some blacks that are ¾ hatch.
Continuous back breeding to the hatch side will produce chickens that are almost pure of the hatch family but are black in plumage. Intervention differs from infusion in purpose. In infusion, we want the new blood to perish without trace. In intervention we want to keep in the old bloodline the new trait we introduce.
Like infusion, intervention would not be tempting to practical breeders as it is likewise time consuming and will not serve any practical purpose.
At any rate, however, it is fund to give it a try someday.(Subscribe to Roosterman http://manapub.wordpress.com/)
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on February 13, 2012 at 5:00 PM||comments (0)|
The process of forming a new bloodline we can call our own invariably involves inbreeding at some point but maintaining said new bloodline calls for out breeding, no longer inbreeding. The process advocated by Dr. Andrew Bunan is as follows:
· Cross breed until you hit a cross that possesses the qualities you desire for a new bloodline.
· Inbreed in order to purify the desired traits and promote consistency.
· Separate the inbred into different families. Over time or after six generations these separate families will become unrelated to one another.
· Mate or outbreed individuals from one family with individuals from the other families in the process maintaining the bloodline’s composition but avoiding inbreeding.
This is the best process, a model on how to form a new bloodline. Individuals produced in this manner are not only pure as far as traits are concerned but also pure as far as bloodline composition. The process will, however, take time. It may take at least seven years, often more-- too long for practical purposes. Traditional breeders do this. They would say “to protect the integrity of our bloodline.” Another phrase oft-repeated by traditional breeders is “I have kept this bloodline for so many years without any infusion.” As a practical breeder, I doubt if it could be done without severe deterioration or breakdown of the line. But true or not, right or wrong these phrases always add significance to their bloodlines to the eyes of a potential buyer or newcomers to the game.
But again, for practical breeders, what is important is to purify the desired traits, not the bloodline. If purifying attributes and characteristics will do the trick, why bother doing for so many years what you could achieve in one or two? My personal opinion is that what Dr. Bunan presented was a perfect model for traditional and serious breeders. In RB Sugbo, we came up with some sort of a happy compromise. Our brood fowl are at least twice inbred. But we don’t go to the extent of going the full route of five to six generations of inbreeding. The longer you inbred, the higher the risk of depression and the lower the increase in the degree of being pure.
After two or three generations of inbreeding we already consider our fowl practical pure as far as the genetic composition is concerned. But we will not use or pass them on as brood fowl unless we are satisfied that they are also practical pure as far as our purifying traits and characteristics is concerned
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|Posted by Rey Bajenting on January 25, 2012 at 9:00 AM||comments (0)|
At RB Sugbo, incubation is either by natural or artificial. Mostly by artificial method of setting and hatching eggs by electric incubators. Our hatcheries are by GLITech, of Gilbert L. Inisin. RB Sugbo and GLITech have been collaborating and working together in discovering the better systems and designs in incubation technology.
Brooding is also both by natural—hen brooding, or artificial. In this respect, we find natural hen brooding as the better method. Thus, most of our chicks are hen brood.
Once a hen gets broody and set to start setting eggs, we put back some of the stored eggs on the nest for the hen to set. At the same time, we also place a number of eggs in the artificial incubator, whether hers or from other hens. The naturally set eggs and those in the incubator will hatch at about the same time. At night we put in the nest the artificially hatched chicks along with the hen hatched. The following morning, the hen will be misled into believing all the chicks are hers and will take care of all of them. However, care should be taken that the chicks are of similar color as some hens kill different-looking chicks.
This method will save time for some hens. Some of the hens will not have to sit on their own eggs as the eggs are artifically incubated, thus they can be prepared immediately for the next clutch of eggs and insemination. These hens are also spared from brooding chicks, a process that will take at least a month of their time.
In the first two weeks, hen and chicks are kept in enclosures that will protect the chicks from rain and bad weather. These little houses are floorless and movable. The hen is tethered so it cannot partake on the feed for the chicks.
After two weeks, the chicks may be allowed outside by opening a door. The hen remains tethered inside so the chicks will not venture too far away. Soon the hens shall likewise be allowed outside so mother and chicks can now roam farther. At night hen and chicks get back to the house for protection from weather and predators.
Throughtout the brooding period, no anti-biotic is given, unless very necessary, when an outbreak occurs or clear manifestation of illness is seen in the flock. otherwise probiotics is freely given to both hen and chicks.
When the chicks are separated from the hen, they go to the range area.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on September 27, 2011 at 2:55 AM||comments (0)|
The blakliz is a bloodline of excellent gamefowl created and developed by RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology. It is named after my wife Liza. I felt she deserved the honor for being such a good hen to our five children. The play of words also reflected our breeder’s dream that someday the bloodline will be so dreaded that it would be blacklisted from the cockpits. Dreaming is one thing, facing reality another. We knew there would never be such much- feared a bloodline of gamefowl. So after years of developing the Blakliz, we were more than happy just to find the blakliz as the best among our humble repertoire of not so great but decent bloodlines that could compete with dignity in the country’s tough derbies.
Only now that we were fully convinced that the blakliz is the best in our arsenal that we decided to breed the blakliz extensively. It was just recently, in years 2010 and the current stag season to be exact, that we concluded that the blakliz was ready for the toughest battles after testing the bloodline in the stag seasons year after year. Beginning 2012 we would be fighting more blakliz stags, and making available to buyers and client sets of blakliz brood fowl. We are confident the blakliz will live up to expectations. We see it as one of the bloodlines of the future. It seems everybody is ordinarily breeding sweaters, roundheads, kelsos, hatches, buliks, golds and other common bloodlines. So why be just ordinary when you may breed the blakliz.
The e-book Breeding the Blakliz: A Guide to Practical Breeding (free copy available on request by email to email@example.com) then is written not only for those who want to be a practical breeder but also for those of you who may dare to be different and breed the blakliz. This will familiarize you with the bloodline and will enable you to continue its desired development and enjoy the challenge of breeding something different.. By different, we mean not only in looks, but also in fighting ability. In looks, the original blakliz is actually just sort of a combination of the brown red and the mug. However, they are very much unlike the sweater, roundhead, kelso that fill the pits. They are also dissimilar from the now popular off-colors buliks, golds and whites. The midnight grey is more distinct. It is nearer the dirty grey except that it has more solid black feathers rather than in patches and splashes. The difference is more in the fighting ability. The blakliz has no particular fighting style. It is neither typically angat, nor flier, nor rusher, nor shuffler. But it might be able to do any or all of the above if the situation requires as the blakliz has intelligence, agility and speed. It is intelligent enough to discern what ought to be done in a certain situation. It is agile enough to execute what it thinks ought to be done. And, it is fast and quick enough to do it ahead of the opponent.
So welcome to the world of the Blakliz.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on July 10, 2011 at 8:40 PM||comments (0)|
The book Lihim sa Pagbuo ng Sariling Linyada by Dr. Andrew T, Bunan, the Philippines leading authority on gamefowl genetics, advocates and recommends to all Filipino breeders to form their own bloodlines. To form own bloodline is always a sound breeding objective.
Here is the introduction to the book written in Pilipino:
"Sa kasalukuyan, napakaraming linyada (bloodlines) ng sasabunging manok dito sa ating bansa. Ang mga ito ay sadyang matatapang at magagaling, dahil sa napakahabang panahon na sila ay pinili batay sa mga katangiang ito. Kalimitan, kahit hindi natin tanto, tumutulong tayo sa pagpapaibayo ng mga katangiang ito. Paano?Ang simpleng pagpili sa pinakamahusay sa magkakapatid o sa isang langkay ng mga manok ay siguradong magdadagdag sa kahusayan at katapangan ng mga magiging anak ng piniling manok.
May isang bagay lamang na kaagad-agad mauobserbahan o malalaman sa mga linyada ng manok dito sa atin-- ang nga pangalan ng mga ito ay tunog-banyaga. Hindi natin sinasabi na hindi ito maganda-- di dana'y wala tayong pinag-uusapang industriya ng sasabunging manok ngayon dito sa atin. Siyempre malaki ang utang na loob natin sa mga kaibigan nating mga Amerikanong nagpapalahi ng mga manok na ito, dahil halos lahat na kinagigilian nating mga linyada ay galing sa kanila. Kaya lamang, lubhang nakasanayan na natin na palaging nakakabit ang pangalang banyaga sa mga linyada natin. Ang hinahanap-hanap natin ay mga linyadang tunog-Pinoy naman, ngunit singtapang at singhusay rin ng mga kasalukuyang linyada. Maaaring hindi ngayon, ngunit ito ay inaasahan na natin pagdating ng araw. Kaya natin ito!
Di madaling gawin, ngunit posible. Kailangan lamang natin malaman ang mga linyada sa kasalukuyan ay puwede nating gamitin upang makabuo tayo ng sarili nating linyada na hindi naman lumalayo sa mga linyadang nakasanayan na natin. Katunayan, mayroon nang mga linyadang nabuo ang ilan sa mahuhusay nating mga tagapagpalahi, gaya ng Zamboanga White at Zamboanga Blues ni Boy Primallon, ang mga Parawakan na pinasikat ng yumaong Speaker Ramon Mitra at kamakailan lamang, ang Blakliz ni Rey Bajenting." -- (Andrew T. Bunan, Lihim sa Pagbuo ng Sariling Linyada, Llamado Publications)
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 4, 2011 at 5:05 AM||comments (0)|
Game fowl breeding is not only very complicated, it is also time- consuming and expensive. Thus, it is tagged as domain of the rich. Small timers may be able to challenge the big timers for supremacy in other aspects of cockfighting such as selection, knife tying, conditioning and handling, but not in breeding. Because breeding, supposedly, does not only require substantial capital investment in breeding stocks, land and facilities, it also demands quality time from one’s self, as well as, paid manpower and technology that are beyond the reach of ordinary lovers of chicken. Plus the fact that game fowl breeding is a hit and miss affair, meaning it is like lottery wherein we always hope to hit some prizes but more often than not end up with nothing. In this regard, the more advantage the rich breeders enjoy, because they will have the luxury of more breeders which is akin to buying more lottery tickets, thus, enhancing their chances of hitting a jackpot.
Most books on game fowl breeding begin in discussing the huge amount necessary to start up, therefore, disqualifying outright the ordinary aficionado who dreams of someday producing game fowl of his own creation. Well, what most books say is proper and true. But that’s the ideal situation. It doesn’t, however, mean that those of us who could not afford the ideal situation, could no longer try. Otherwise, this would mean that ordinary chicken lovers no longer have the right, or say, chance to face the challenges in game fowl breeding and experience the enjoyment in trying, or the satisfaction in reaping the fruits of their labor?
Maybe, we can still pursue breeding even under less-than-ideal conditions? Anyway, in cockfighting, each one of us, like water, seeks his own level. Maybe we could just set our breeding goals to the demands of the level and the standards of circuits we intend to compete in? Maybe less expensive but acceptably good breeding materials will do. For after all, breeding is so complicated that one could not ascertain the outcome. Sometimes, the most beautiful brood stocks produce mediocre offspring while average parents produce outstanding progeny. The reason for this is that we only judge the parents based on the traits we see or phenotype. But there are characteristics we could not see, the genotype. Therefore a beautiful and superb fighter for a brood cock does not guarantee success. Maybe just a small land will suffice. We don’t need hectares of ranging area when we only raise a few dozen stags a season. And, with target production of just a few dozen stags, certainly we don’t need millions in operating capital.
RB Sugbo chickens enjoyed moderate successes in our own circle as well as those in which our clients competed. They were also competitive in stag tournaments such as Bakbakan, Heritage Cup, Rambulan and local GBA competitions. But, I have yet to see one of my chickens pitted in these so-called big events with hundreds of thousands of pesos in entry fee alone. I might have not been able yet to produce rooster in the caliber of the most expensive bloodlines in the country, but I enjoyed consolation in the knowledge that the sugbus may compete with dignity in the toughest derbies anywhere.
The first thing is to set a realistic goal. For example, the goal of RB Sugbo was to produce quality chickens that could be competitive in small and medium sized derbies and make them affordable to common sabungeros. The fact that RB Sugbo has produced some chickens that were competitive in some top derbies didn’t hurt. We considered it success beyond expectation, thus a bunos.
Maybe an appropriate goal for any ordinary upstart breeder is to produce bloodlines that could compete in hackfights and derbies in a locality. You don’t have to aspire for world beaters when you don’t intend to compete in international derbies. But your goal doesn’t rule out the possibility that you can produce world beaters. Many successful breeders started up small and ended up big. On the other hand, I have known of big shots who started breeding with all guns ablaze. Unfortunately, after many years, their guns were still firing blanks!
For all we know, all it takes for one to experience the enjoyment and satisfaction of breeding the game fowl are a realistic goal, corresponding capital to back it, and determination to succeed. This is what we call practical breeding. (This is an introduction to the book Guides on Practical Breeding soon to be released)
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on March 28, 2010 at 1:01 PM||comments (1)|
All-purpose chicken raising
By Rey Bajenting
Ang manok na sa pagalaan, sa bukirin o sa linang lumaki ay mas maige kaysa manok na sa maliit na kulungan o yarda lang inalagaan. Mas matibay ang pangangatawan, mas maige ang pagunlad ng kalamanan at pagiisip, at mas malakas at mabilis ang manok na laki na pinagala sa madamo at malaking lugar. Nakakain ito ng mga damo, halaman at prutas, at ng mga insekto uod at bulate. Kung ilalaban an ganitong manok mas magagaling at matitibay kaysa laking kulungan. Kung gawin namang karne, mas masarap ang lasa.
Ang kaalamang ito ang nag-udyok sa RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology na isali sa programa ang bio-organic gamefowl raising. Ang hangad ay ang gawing panlaban ang mga lalaki at karne ang mga babae at reject na lalaki. Kung may nagaalaga pa ng native chickens para karne at kumikita naman, di hamak, na mas malaki ang kikitain kung sa halip na native chicken ang aalagaan, manok Amerikano nalang na maaring pansabong
Pagpapalahi. Napakadali ang sistema na ito ng RB Sugbo. Una pumili ng mga tatyaw dalawa, tatlo o marami depende sa lugar at sa makakayanan. I-cord ang tatyaw na malalayo sa isa’t-isa sa loob ng nakabakod na malaking yarda o pagalaan. Samahan ng mga inahin. Kahit lima hanggang sampung inahin sa bawat tatyaw. Samakatuwid kung dalawang tatyaw maaring hanggang dalawampung inahin ang pagsamasamahin natin. Ang tawag natin dito ay controlled natural selection mating.
Pagpapapisa . Maglagay sa loob ng yarda ng pabahay kung saan doon matutulog ang mga inahin sa gabi, at ito na rin ang magsilbeng nesting area. Maglagay tayo ng nests kung saan sila mangingitlog. Isang nest sa bawat apat o limang inahin tama na. Hindi naman lahat ay sabay na mangitlog at maglilim.
Walang kailangan ng incubator ang mga inahin na mismo ang kusang maglimlim. Pag may napisa na ilipat ang inahin kasama ang mga sisiw sa isang brooding pen. Diretso sa lupa ang mga sisiw.
Pagmalakilaki na ang mga sisiw binubuksan ang pintuan sa araw upang ang mga sisiw ay makagala sa labas ng pen habang ang inahin ay nakatali sa loob. Ang pen na ito ay portable na linilipat bawat dalawa o tatlong araw. Palaging malinis ang lupa na kinalalagyang ng mga sisiw at saka sariwa ang damo. Darating ang panahon na ang mga sisiw ay hihiwalay na sa inahin at hindi na babalik sa loob ng brooding pen. Sa labas na ang mga ito matutulog. Kaya sa loob ng tinatawag natin na brooding yard, ay may mga pabahay din kung saan doon makakatulog ang mga sisiw sa gabi. Sa gabi pag nasa loob na ang mga sisiw sinasara ito upang walang hayop na makapasok na maaring kumain sa mga sisiw.
Pagpagala. Sa edad na tatlong buwan pinapalabas na natin ang mga sisiw sa brooding yard papunta sa mas malaking pagalaan, ang free range area. Pero bago ito gawin dapat ay kumpleto na ang ating vaccination o bakuna. Sa RB Sugbo walang fixed na pabahay sa pagalaan. Ang ginagawa natin ay yong mga sisiw na pagagalain na ay pinatutulog natin ng dalawa o tatlong araw sa bahay na may gulong. Pagkatapos ay dahan-dahan nating ilabas at ilayo ang bahay na ito. Ilagay ito sa lugar na malayo sa ibang pabahay. Ito ang magiging kampo ng mga sisiw hanggang sa malaki na sila at sa mga punong kahoy na hahapon.
Sa edad na tatlong buwan pinipili na natin ang mga babae na ititira. Ang iba ay kinakatay at pinagbibili bilang spring chicken. Ang iba ay binibili ng buhay para gawing palahian. Iba naman ang presyo nito kaysa kinakatay na por kilo lang ang presyo.
Harvest . Pag naglaban-laban na ang mga binatilyo, hinuhuli ang mga ito at tinatali sa cord area. Ito ang ating harvest.
Pakain . Makakatipid tayo sa pakain dahil makakahanap ng pakain ang mga manok sa pagalaan. Lalo na’t kung sinusuportahan natin ng natural inputs ang pagalaan. Halimbawa maglagay tayo ng mga compost o bulok na punong kahoy kung saan maninirahan ang mga anay at insekto, at mga bulok na prutas at gulay. Kukunti na lang ang ating ibibigay na commercial feeds. O kaya’y mais at kukunting pellets na lang. Kasi ang protina, bitamina at mineral ay makukuha na ng manok galing sa lupa at sa pagalaan. Maghalo lang din tayo ng mumurahing gamot at suplement sa tubig.
Ang mga manok na pinalaki sa ganitong pamaraan ay matitibay sa labanan kung ilalaban. Ang mga babae o mga reject na lalaki na gagawing karne ay napakasarap dahil katukad ito ng native chicken. Ang itlog naman ng mga ito ay napakasustansya dahil punong puno sa omega 3 na makukuha sa damo at mga halaman sa pagalaan na kinakain ng manok. Kaya ang tawag natin nito ay all-purpose chicken raising.
Ang pamamaraan na ito ay tinutulak ngayon ng RB Sugbo sa layunin na makatulong sa mga marginal chicken farmers. May dalawang mahalagang bagay lang. Una ang uri at lahi ng manok na gagamitin. Ang karaniwang manok amerikano o gamefowl kasi ay hindi kasing tibay ng native chicken kung ang paguusapan ay ang katangiang mag survive kung hayaan lang sa linang. Piliin ang strain o lahi ng gamefowl na gagamitin.
Pangalawa ay pagaralan din ang teknolohiya o pamamaraan. Pero hindi mahirap at madali lang itong matutunan. Sa katunayan may mga pamahalaang local na na nagpakita ng interes na ito ay gawing bahagi ng kanilang mga livelihood program. May mga kumpaniya na rin na handang tumulong. Sa totoo hindi naman ito talagang bagong pamamaraan. Bagkus isa itong hy-brid o kumbinasyon ng pamamaraan na ang ideya ay angkop lang sa sitwasyon sa Pilipinas.
Oo, dahil sa ating napakalagong gamefowl industry. Sa ibang bansa kung gagawin mo ito, karne lang at itlog ang iyong mapapala dahil walang sabong doon. Pero dito sa atin mas malaki ang kikitain ng chicken farmer sa benta ng manok na gagawing panabong kaysa kikitain ng itlog at karne. Ang pamamaraan na ito ay angkop sa mga maliliit na chicken raiser o sa mga karaniwang sabungero na nais masiyahan sa pagsasabong na hindi naman mabigat sa bulsa. May dalawang mundo ang sabong. Ang mundo na ginagalawan ng mga tahor, bigtime breeders at cockers, at mga bigtime derby promoters. Ang isang mundo naman ay ang ginagalawan nating mga karaniwang sabungero at masang nagmamanok. Ang naunang mundo ay “can take care of itself” ika nga. Hindi nangangailangan ng tulong. Ang pangalawang mundo ay ang mundo na ang kailangang pagtuunan ng pansin dahil ang mga gumagalaw dito ang mga nangangailangan ng tulong.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on December 9, 2009 at 3:55 AM||comments (0)|
Controlled natural selection
By Rey K. Bajenting
RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology
(This is part of an article written by the author for Pit Games Magazine under his regular column "Secrets I learned from the Masters." The article is pubished in Pit games no. 27.)
Nature may have endowed animals with the instinct necessary in an environment of survival of the fittest, but no doubt human intervention did wonders to the remarkable improvement of breeds of many kinds of animals from horses to cattle to dogs and to fowl. As breeder of gamefowl, is there a way to have the best of both worlds?
It is said that when chickens are left alone in the wild, the male will pick from among the flock a few favorite hens to mate. Likewise, hens, when allowed to roam freely in a yard of corded roosters, will also have preferences. Meaning, chickens, when left on their own, rely on instinct to choose their own mates which they believe are best to insure the continuity and improvement of their genetic line. This is part of what is called natural selection process.
When it is man who picked which broodcock to mate with which hen, it is called controlled selection process in forming, improving and/or propagating a bloodline.
Naturalists believe that nature endowed cocks with the instinct to determine which hens,and vice versa, possessed the right genes to combine with their own in order to produce better offspring in the succeeding generations. In short, they believe in the theory that nature knows best.
On the other hand, others believe that man can always improve on nature. They maintain that human intervention is paramount in improving breeds and producing superior individuals, as science proved true, time and again, through the years.
We, at RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology, believe in both. We recognized the evidence of remarkable progress that abound in the various fields of breeding as result of man’s intervention. However, we also acknowledged that nature might have endowed chickens with deep instinct that man can never fathomed.
Thus,we experimented with what we called “controlled natural selection” mating method. We used this method in breeding some of our battle pures, particularly of the ponkan bloodlines. For those who were not familiar or who had heard of the ponkans for the first time, here is a short backgrounder:
RB Sugbo ponkan is not a color but a bloodline. The ponkan is one of the two bloodlines RB Sugbo has developed. The other is the blakliz. The ponkan is a blend of a sweater line, the lemon 84 and Lance’s roundhead. Ponkan, the original came from Doc Ayong Lorenzo, through our common friend Art Panuncillo. Ponkan’s blood constitutes 5/8 of the ponkan bloodline, thus, the name. The 84and the roundhead came direct from the originators themselves, Mr. Paeng Araneta and Mr. Lance de la Torre. I got ponkan the original in year 2000. The 84 and the roundhead two years later from the two distinguished breeders and gentlemen. It was during the time I went to Negros to research on the “History of the Philippine Lemon” which I wrote for Pitgames. Thus, I owed to my publisher, Manny Berbano, my introduction to theoutstanding lemon breeders and my initiation to the world of serious gamefowl breeding.
The ponkan is RB Sugbo’s commercial line. The blakliz is personal. It is named after my wife Liz. The blakliz is black. Though, Liz is not.
The ponkan caters to ordinarycockers and the small- big timers. Among the loyal ponkan customers are AlanYaplito of Ozamis, Franklin Tan of Iligan, Simy Irigon, a cockpit operator and derby promoter in Calbayog, Western Samar, and his townmate Ronnie Rosales; Lemuel Go of Tacloban; Manalo brothers and Mison brothers of Clarin Bohol. Some politicians-- a couple of mayors in Cebu; and one in Sorsogon; and Dennis Aguilar, a councilor of Las Pinas. There are also Roy Abian and his friends from far-away Palawan; Adolp Lee as far south as Basilan and Dr. Delizo as far north as La Union. Among the recent converts are kamana Teofilo Morando of San Pedro, Laguna and Jayson Fajardo who is abroad. There are others but no super big-timers. The real big timers don’t buy cheap chickens. And, the ponkans are a bargain for its class and today’s standard.
Now we go back to controlled natural selection. The process involves putting a number of broodcocks, say three or four, in the same yard along with a number of hens, say a ratio of five hens or more per broodcock. The broodcocks are corded far apart from one another. The hens are let loose in the yard. The hens will now have the choice of which broodcock to go for mating. The broodcocks may also have the pick of which hen to mate among those who came nearby. In this sense, it is natural selection process at work. However, we see to it that the broodcocks are full brothers coming from one family of ponkan. And that all the hens belong to another ponkan line that is as far related to the broodcocks as possible inorder to avoid inbreeding. Therefore, whichever broodcock mates with whichever hen, the outcome or the genetic composition of the offspring is the same. In this sense, it is controlled.
We only apply this method to produce some of our battlefowl, not all. Some lines do not result in uniformed offspring if mated this way. Because some lines are not characteristically pure as the others. We never do this to produce our broodfowl. We only single mate to produce broodfowl.
We have considered our experiment with this method a success. The offspring out of this method performed as good in the pit as the other sugbos. It is noteworthy,however, that chickens out of controlled natural selection had a higher survival rate as chicks and in the free range than the others. This could be because nature indeed gifted the chickens with the instinct necessary in the survival of the fittest environment. Well, I have to consult with a real master on this. I will find time to discuss this topic with Dr. Andrew Bunan, the breeding and genetic expert.