The why

Posted by Rey Bajenting on November 23, 2014 at 6:45 PM Comments comments (1)

Understanding is the foundation of knowledge. So it is always advisable to understand what you are doing, not just learn how to do it. Learn the ideas and principles of the conditioning facilities and exercises. 

For example why is it better to have different sizes and designs for your conditioning pens? Why put the rooster in the scratch box? Why kahig is a good exercise? Why active rest?...Kamana Rey Bajenting explains not just the how, but the why so you will know the reason for every activity in conditioning the game fowl for battle….

See video on the why. of link.


The role of liver in your rooster's performance

Posted by Rey Bajenting on September 24, 2014 at 9:40 AM Comments comments (0)

One key to winning cockfights lies in this organ. What is this organ that is the real powerhouse of the rooster’s physical capability?

Well, If we want our game cock to perform at his best come fight day we should stimulate and protect his liver. Why? Because, the liver is a central laboratory of a chicken's body. It is essential that this organ is kept in an excellent condition.

The liver performs many complex functions to maintain homeostasis (harmony among all the systems of body). When the liver is affected due to any reason, efficiency of the liver comes down in detoxification and metabolic processes. This, in turn, affects the overall performance of the bird.


We know that the liver is one of the busiest organs in the body. Liver acts as a clearing house for substances that enter the body. It carries out a large number of important digestive, metabolic and excretory activities, all of which have a significant role not only on the rooster’s health but also on its fighting capabilities.

Liver is a vital organ involved in metabolism, storage, secretion, detoxification and protection. Being the central organ of metabolism, liver is always subjected to damages of various kinds. Liver stimulants and protectants are usually supplemented to support liver in detoxification and to improve the structural and functional integrity of the liver


Fortunatey, there are liver tonics containing extract of herbal ingredients that effectively improve liver functions thus ensuring better feed utilization, energy production and gamecock’s overall fighting performance..

A good liver tonic guards the liver against various toxins, chemical drugs and toxic effect of the feed contaminants and other conditions that put the liver directly or indirectly at risk. It helps in rapid regeneration of liver tissues and cells. It stimulates sluggish liver cells and restores liver functions. It improves feed metabolism and utilization.

(Read: How performance of liver affects fighting performance of gamecock)




Pointing is timing

Posted by Rey Bajenting on August 20, 2014 at 5:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Pointing the gamefowl is all about timing. Here’s what the great Narragansette had to say about timing:

“Probably the most important feature of the feeding, as well as all other procedures in the conditioning program, is that of timing, or of having the fowl at their peak at the hour of battle. It is no good to have them "ready" or at their peak, two days or even two hours prior to battle. They must "peak" at the hour they enter the pit. Many features contribute to this condition, but from a feeding standpoint the important part is to have them "comin up" just prior to battle, and fresh. To accomplish this you must feed less (mostly cracked corn), excercise less, and rest more-- complete rest the last 72 hours prior to battle. Not over one-half the feed the eveing before fight day unless fought at night and then only one-half white of hard-boiled egg. Through this procedure, cocks will come up in weight, even on less feed, and be hungry and " a walkin' and talkin' in your hands" as they enter the pit.”

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In our E-book Power Pointing we also gave much importance to timing, not only in feeding but also in stress management. We maintain that stress management is very important in pointing. Why, because, stress triggers the release of adrenaline, the hormone that turns the body into a magnificent machine.

Stress triggers the release of the hormone epinephrine or adrenaline known as the fight or flight hormone. We know what wonders adrenaline could do. This is why:

“Epinephrine stimulates breakdown of the storage of polysaccharide glycogen within liver cells and muscle cells. Glycogen de-polymerization releases the sugar glucose-1-phosphate, increasing the energy supply for cells. Thus, one effect of epinephrine, secreted from the adrenal gland during times of physical and mental stress, is the mobilization of fuel reserves.” (Campbell; Biology 4th Edition)

In layman’s language it means the release or rush of adrenaline triggers the mobilization of fuel reserves that are instantly converted to energy. Now you don’t have to wonder anymore why if there is emergency such as fire, you could lift and carry to safety valuable belongings that you certainly could not do during normal circumstances.


We might as well make stress work to our advantage by timing the resulting adrenaline rush to occur exactly at the time of the fight. Yes, at the time of the fight, not earlier, not later. Just like what the great Narragansette said. Like Narragansette, we really give utmost importance to timing.


Manok na walang ganang kumain

Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 24, 2014 at 1:25 AM Comments comments (0)

 Isa sa mga katanungan na madalas kong natatanggap dahil ang problemang ito ay madalas ding nararanasan, ay kung ano ang sanhi at ano ang dapat gawin sa manok na walang ganang kumain.

Hindi naman mahirap unawaain ang mga maaring sanhi at madali rin siguro itong maagapan. Una alamin natin kung anu-ano ang mga sanhi ng kawalan ng gana ng manok sa pagkain.

Siguro may iba pa, ngunit sa ngayon tatlo ang nasa isip ko:

1. Stressed ang manok

2. May sakit ang manok

3. May bulate , hanep o kuto ang manok

Ang sakit at parasites ay sanhi rin ng stress ngunit ipinaghiwa-hiwalay ko ang mga ito sa ibang uri upang mas madaling maintindihan.

Bukod sa sakit at parasites, ang iba pang madalas na sanhi ng stress sa manok ay:

1. Pagkahapo dahil sa biyahe o ano mang dahilan;

2. Naninibago sa lugar, sa pakain, o sa tao;

3. Klima at panahon.

Pinagbuklod ko ang mga ito at hiniwalay sa sakit at parasites dahil magkaiba ang kanilang solusyon.

Ang sakit at parasites ay “medicine matters” samantalang ang ibinuklod ko ay ang mga “handling concerns”.

Kung may sakit agad bigyan ng ukol na gamot. Ganon din kung may hanep at kuto. Parehong madaling mabili ang mga gamot para dito.

Ano naman kaya ang solusyon kung ang sanhi ay ibang stressors tulad ng paninibago sa lugar, pagkain at tao; pagkapagod; o kaya'y pag-iiba ng klima at sama ng panahon?

Nangyayari ang mga ito kung ang manok ay bago sa atin. Kaya dapat pagdating ng bagong manok ay hayaan muna natin sa isang lugar sa loob ng apat hanggang pitong araw. Sa loob ng panahong ito huwag nating masyadong pakialaman ang manok. Hayaan itong maka-adjust sa panibagong kapaligiran.

Sa loob ng panahong ito huwag ibahin ang patuka. Alamin sa pinagkunan ng manok kung ano ang kanilang pinapakain at yon din ang ibigay. Pagkatapos ng apat hanggang pitong araw, pagkatapos na maka-adjust ang manok sa panibagong kapaligiran, saka lang natin unti-unting palitan ang pakain at iangkop sa ating sistema.

Kasabay dito ay purgahin at paliguan ng anti-parasite shampoo ang manok. Kapag ang manok ay naka-recover na sa panibagong kapaligiran at pakain, saka lamang ito dahan-dahang i-handle, hawak-hawakan at himas-himasin.

Una sinanay natin ang manok sa bagong kapaligiran. Pangalawa sinanay natin ito sa bagong pakain. Pangatlo ipakilala natin sa manok ang tao na mag-aalaga sa kanya.

Sa ganitong paraan ay maiiwasan na kasabay na maranasan ng manok ang tatlong magkakaibang sanhi ng stress.


Outer limits of performance

Posted by Rey Bajenting on February 25, 2014 at 1:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Availability of ready feeds and supplements in the market for gamecocks has made the task of conditioning, nowadays, simple and easy. Of course, not really that easy because one still has to understand the basics of nutrition, be able to decide intelligently what he wants for his roosters, and be constantly aware of the situation. After which, however, all one has to do is to find the right product in the market, instead of formulating and producing the stuff himself.


Traditionally the object of conditioning is to enable the rooster to perform at its best subject to limitations set by breeding. The principle is that the capabilities of a rooster are set in the breeding pen. These capabilities will reach full potential through right rearing and superb conditioning. Accordingly, no amount of rearing and conditioning will enable the rooster to perform beyond these capabilities. This is true. The question is how to get to the limits of these capabilities.


The modern objective, however, is to stretch these capabilities to the outer limits. Conditioning methods simply consist of good feeding, ample workout and exercises, and efficient supplementation. The task is much uncomplicated because nowadays, already available in the market are not only excellent feed formulation for gamecocks but also effective supplementation, but, the goal is always ambitious— getting to the outer limits of the rooster’s capabilities.


Alkaline condition

Posted by Rey Bajenting on January 19, 2014 at 2:25 AM Comments comments (0)

One by-product of the production-consumption and re-synthesis of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate, the energy currency) is concentration of lactic acid in the muscles. When this happens fatigue starts to overcome the rooster.

One way of delaying this, in effect postponing fatigue, is to ensure an ample supply of creatine and ribose. Another is what is called buffering.

Buffering is done by stocking alkaline agents or raising the alkalinity of the blood. Alkaline will counter act the formation of acid in the blood and muscles thereby delaying the onset of fatigue.

Chicken feed are mostly acidic. Most grains are acidic, as well as the denatured pelletized feeds that are mixed with chemicals. Thus, seven days before the fight we might as well start the buffering process by introducing to their system more alkaline. Egg white is perceived to have a lower acidity than whole egg, so, give egg whites instead of whole eggs during the peaking period.

A very safe way is giving alkaline water, or at least, pure water, instead of tap water to the chickens being prepared for the fight. Most tap water have high acid level. You may also introduce pro-biotics or yogurt, but never milk., cheese and other dairy products. .

Some fruits such as apples, cantaloupe and banana are also good alkaline agents. However, care must be taken when they are given on fight day because of their moisture and bulk.

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Supplementation and experimentation

Posted by Rey Bajenting on December 12, 2013 at 1:35 AM Comments comments (0)

The science of gamecock supplementation, especially in the field of conditioning and pointing has progressed tremendously that it is now doubtful if a relatively unprepared rooster stands a chance against a superbly conditioned one. Moreover with the advent of countless of conditioning aids and products in the market today, access to these so-called wonders is no longer a problem. You name it you get it. If you hear of a new miracle performance enhancer that reportedly is making champions out of patsies, just search the net and you will find where and how to buy it. 

Nowadays, companies and enterprising individuals are riding on the popularity of game cock supplements and they make these wonder drugs available.

Powergen total foundation supplement with natural anabolic steroid

Gamecock supplementation, however, is not just a matter of buying the many conditioning products now available in the market. It is also a matter of understanding and knowing the products. In this aspect, it would help if the outfit from which you are buying the stuff has someone with good knowledge of the science of supplementation, because if such is the case, you can readily consult with them about the products you are going to use. But, it is not enough that this someone is an expert on supplementation, he should also be a certified roosterman who understands the ways of the rooster. Cockfighting is an art that employs science. In order to master the craft, one must be first and foremost an artist. Science comes next. Thus, to be a complete roosterman one must be capable of observing the way of the rooster and of understanding the intricacies of science.


For example when one is experimenting with products for gamecocks, most of the objectives are not readily measurable. Unlike in broilers where the main concern is the feed to meat conversion rate, or in layers where egg production and egg quality are the parameters, in gamecocks fighting ability, speed, power, and general well being can’t be measured tangibly. Therefore, evaluationt is not as straighforward. Judging a cock’s fighting ability is subjective rather than objective. It is something that only experts are qualified to determine.


Pre-Conditioning: Getting Them Ready

Posted by Rey Bajenting on July 3, 2013 at 5:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Pre-Conditioning: Getting Them Ready

Contrary to common belief, its is not in the conditioning stage but in the pre-conditioning phase that the cocks really get prepared for battle. It is in this stage that you correct any deficiencies that were undiscovered or remained uncorrected during the maintenance phase. It is in this stage that you develop further the muscles, tone them for proper coordination and prepare the cock not only physically but also psychologically for combat. The pre-conditioning period should last at least three weeks, preferably more.

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At the start of this period, deworm and delouse the cocks. Place them in the pen with a hen for a few days.

Feeds should be from 16 to 18% crude protein. Nutrition is no longer a problem nowadays.

Unlike before when conditioners had to formulate their own feed mix, now the better formula feeds are readily available in the market. All you have to do is look at the contents analysis and pick what you desire.

Little by little introduce supplement to the feed, such as hard-boiled egg, meat or beef liver, sardines, wheat germ or the like, always taking into consideration the overall crude protein proportion of the mixture. Continue the B complex injection, but during this period use the types that have some iron or liver extract, or you may substitute or complement it with the pangamic acid (b15) type of injection, (such as respigen of Excellence Gamefowl and Livestock Specialist.) Also start giving them other vitamins and supplements that you plan to give them during the subsequent conditioning period. It is wise not to give anything in the conditioning period that you have not introduced in the pre-conditioning phase.

Be careful, for there are metabolic drugs labeled as conditioning aids that might do more harm than good to your fowl. Natural supplements, though, as well as vitamins supplements that you could use freely.

It is also advisable to give some mineral supplement. Minerals are found in ample dose in water soluble MVEs or multi-vitamins and electrolytes product. I prefer, though, to give minerals in natural concentrated liquid form or better hydrophilic minerals.

At this stage start making the cocks accustomed to artificial light. Walk and tail them under the light (salida, kahig at sampi) at about 4 a. m. three times a week. On the days that you don’t do the kahig and sampi, just keep the cocks under light from 4 a.m. till daybreak. The purpose is not only to accustom them to artificial light but also to lengthen daylight. Somehow, longer daylight has some positive effect on the fowl’s physiological condition.

Rotate them from tie cord to fly pen to conditioning pen more frequently. Say, everyday or every two days, except the roosters which you observed would prefer to be left unmoved for longer pe-riod. Put them in scratch box for 10–15 minutes at noon or after every sparring, or salida and sampi as a way of cooling them down. Spar them weekly in the same recommended manner and continue taking note of their fighting weights. Sparring sessions are preferably held at dawn for the simple reasons that the cocks have completely empty crops and intestines, and that they are fully rested from a night’s sleep.

Saan magmamana ang stag?

Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 12, 2013 at 5:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Tanong: ka mana my tanong po ako.. saan po ba nagmamana ng laro ang isang stag sa tatay po ba o sa nanay? salamat po! (Ej Marquez Dela Cruz May 10, 2013 8:13am; FB PM to Masang Nagmamanok relayed to kamana Rey Bajenting)


Sagot ni kamana Rey (Relayed by Masang Nagmamanok FB PM 9:50am May 10, 2013):


Depende po yan kamana. Theoritically and genetically half sa tatay half sa nanay. Dahil sa bawat katangian kalahati ay galling sa ama kalahati ay galling sa ina.


Pero naapektuhan yan dominant-recessive gene action. Kasi kung sinong parent ang magbato ng dominant na gene doon sa kanya magmamana ang anak sa naturang katangian.


Halimbawa sa hugis ng palong, straight comb o pea comb. Ang pea comb ay dominante kaysa straight comb. Kung ang Tatay ay straight comb at ang nanay ay peacomb. Ang lalabas sa anak ay pea comb.


100% itong mangyayri kung ang nanay ay puro pea comb. Subalit maari ring ang nanay ay pea comb kung tingnan dahil dominante nga ang pea comb kaysa straight comb, pero sa totoo ito ay half peacomb half straight comb. Pag ganito ang nanay ay hindi puro pea comb at maaring magbato sa anak ng katangiang straight comb. Kung magkataon na ang ibato ng nanay ay ang gene nito na straight comb ang lalabas sa anak nito sa brood cock na straight comb ay straight comb.


Maliban sa dominant-recessive gene action may iba pang mga factors. Isa dito ay ang sex-linked genes. Ito ang mamamana lang sa anak na opposite sex. Halimbawa ang katangiang white leg. Kung white leg ang inahin at yellow leg ang brood cock, ang lalabas sa mga anak na lalaki ay white leg at sa anak na babae ay yellow leg.


Mayroon din ang co-dominance kung kalian maghalohalo ang katangian ng ama at ina.


Samakatuwid sa fighting ability maari ring magkahalohalo ang katangian ng ama at ina, maaring lilitaw ang dominant trait, o maari ring may sex-linkage at iba pa.


Ang hugis ng palong, kulay ng paa ay mga simple hereditary traits samantalang ang katangian sa pakipaglaban ay dinidiktahan ng maraming ibat ibang genes . Kaya mahirap matukoy ang totoong sanhi ng pagiging magaling ng isang manok. Kay tiyakin nalang natin na ang ama at ina ay parehong taglay ang mga katangian na nais natin.


Itanong sa RB Sugbo: Kung may katanungan po kayo hinggil sa pagmamanok, i-click ang category na tugma sa inyong katanungan. At i-post as new topic ang inyong katanungan. Sisikapin itong sasagutin ng RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology.


Hinggil sa Pagpapalahi at Pagpapalaki


Hinggil sa Paglalaban


Hinggil sa Pagpatuktok (pointing)


Hinggil sa Rooster Biotechnology




Tanong: Gud pm ano po ba ang lahi ng manok ang mgagandang pumalo at madiskarte sa laban? (02:45:05AM feb 27-2007)


For more cocking information click here

Sagot ni Kamana Rey:


Napakahirap sagutin ang mga ganitong katanungan. Lalo na kung sa pamamagitan lang ng pagtetext.


Oo, ang iba’t-ibang lahi ng manok dapat ay may kani-kanilang istilo sa pakipaglaban.


Halimbawa ang lemon ay dapat mautak at magaling sa cutting. Ang hatch naman ay malakas at matibay. Ngunit ang totoo ay hindi sa lahat na pagkakataon ay nagkakatotoo ito. May lemon na di gaanong mautak. May hatch naman na hindi matibay.


Kahit anong lahi o linyada ay may magagaling at may mga bulok. Kaya hindi tama na ibatay natin ang ating pagpili ng manok sa pangalan o sa katanyagan ng lahi.


Dapat ang pagpili natin ay batay sa kakayahan at katangian ng indibidwal na manok. Huwag pangalan ang habulin natin. Dapat ang galing ang ating gawing batayan sa pagpili.


Hindi kasi garantisado kung sa pangalan ng lahi natin ibatay. Una, kung hindi tapat ang nagpapalahi ay pwede niyang sabihin na ang kanyang manok ay pure lemon, kahit ito’y may halo. Pangalawa, wala naman talagang puro na genes kung manok ang pag-uusapan.


Lahat naman ng lahi ng manok ay nagsimula sa paghalohalo ng dalawa, tatlo, o mas marami pang lahi.


Kaya, huwag na nating isipin kung ano ang pangalan ng lahi ng manok. Hanapin natin ang magaling na manok, hindi ang katanyagan ng pangalan ng lahi.


Ang magaling na manok ay magaling, kahit ano paman ang tawag sa kanya.

Intracellular hydration Part 1

Posted by Rey Bajenting on October 17, 2012 at 8:40 PM Comments comments (0)

Among the prime concerns of game fowl conditioning is to achieve what is called as proper body moisture. It is no secret that a game cock performance also depends on its body moisture. Too much or too little water in the cock’s body could tell the deference between good and bad performance. Cockfighters are often in the lost on how to achieve this.

Water is very important for bodily functions as the chicken’s body like most other living things are composed of much water. However, a game cock needs a body that it is not too wet in order for it to perform well, especially during the day of the actual fight.

This could be solved by focusing on intracellular hydration instead of plain hydration.

Intracellular hydration/rehydration

“First, let’s distinguish what “hydration” really is. What is the difference between “hydration”, “rehydration”, cellular rehydration” and “cellular hydration”. Most people confuse or equate “hydration” and “rehydration” as being one in the same, which is not exactly correct as hydration is “before” exercise or activity and rehydration is “after” exercise or activity. Now with that in mind, the term rehydration in the most basic sense (in the minds of the majority of consumers) relates to the replenishment of water, electrolytes, or a combination of water and electrolytes lost through exercise, strenuous activity or dehydration and the term hydration means to “load” the body with fluids prior to strenuous exercise or activity. In terms of auto racing, hydration is before the race and rehydration is after the race. That established, what is the difference between hydration and cellular hydration – rehydration and cellular rehydration? Well, this is where you need to follow along a little bit closer. Hydration and rehydration are both the replenishment of electrolytes “outside” of the cells. Hydration would be the loading of fluids prior to the race and rehydration after the race, and again, this occurs “outside” of the cells.”

True “cellular hydration” or “cellular rehydration” is the chemical process that occurs at the cellular level (inside the cell) – where in the cell is actually hydrated directly and as the cells swell up (with the proper nutrients), it triggers an anabolic mechanism in the body, which is a healing mechanism. This is the “real” and meaningful hydration or rehydration we need. True cellular level hydration and rehydration is accompanied by positive nitrogen balance, protein synthesis, and growth hormone release. In simpler terms – true cellular rehydration means the body begins immediately “healing itself” or better stated – it begins “recovery”. Muscles begin their recovery, tissue begins repair, energy is restored and the body begins to “recharge” itself – it recovers more fully and completely – physiologically and physically. True cellular level hydration (before an event) not only loads the cells with ample supply of nutrient and fluid, but also results in a reduction of cell acidity, reduced autoimmune response, increased fat burning, DNA repair, and increased resistance to viruses.” (“Terry Giles IFPA Master Trainer & Certified Performance Nutritional Specialist and Co-Founder of IHS, LLC.)-- Read more about it on Roosterman No. 20


Let's go organic

Posted by Rey Bajenting on March 22, 2012 at 12:35 PM Comments comments (0)

Ang RB Sugbo ay may ilang taon narin na nagaaral at gumagawa ng pamamaraan sa pagpapalahi at pagpapalaki ng manok panabong pamamagitan ng organic methods.

Napansin  kasi natin na sa ibang lugar mahigpit na pinatutupad ang mga batas laban sa sobrang paggamit ng chemicals at antibiotics sa farming at animal husbandry. Ngunit dito po satin nakita natin kung paano ang mga kompaniya na nagbebenta ng mga chemicals at antibiotics, ay parang walang anuman na patuloy sa pagturo sa mga farmers at chicken raisers sa paggamit ng chemicals and antibiotics na hindi man lang binabalaan sa maaring masamang epekto ng mga ito.

Kaya naisip natin na kung maipakita natin na ang organic na pamaraan ay mas makabuti, sa manok at lalo na sa tao at kalikasan, baka mahikayat natin ang karamihan na gawin ito at iwan ang nakasanayan na pamamaraan.

Sa nakaraang mga taon medyo mahirap talaga i-reconcile for practical purposes ang mga gawain sa game fowl management at organic practices. Dahil sa kakulangan sa mga readily available products, tayo pa ang gumagawa sa karamihan sa mga inputs. Parang hindi practikal para sa isang may iilan lang manok na gumulgol pa ng additional efforts and time. Ok lang siguro sa mga malalaking manukan pero hindi praktikal sa karamihan na maliliit. Isa pa hindi natin tiyak kung ma-maintain natin ang quality at potency ng mga produktong gawa natin dahil wala man tayong planta o laboratory.

Sa ngayon malaking tulong ang pagsilabasan ng mga readily available probiotics at organic products. Baka umunlad ng husto ang ating pagaaral pamamagitan sa mga ito. (for more discussions please click link below:


Great champions are made

Posted by Rey Bajenting on November 16, 2011 at 12:35 AM Comments comments (0)

Good fighters are born,

champions are made

by Rey Bajenting


No doubt the great Manny Pacquiao was brought to this world with the inborn flair to box, hit and knock other guys out to kingdom come. No doubt Pacquiao’s natural capabilities were already exceptional. However, his raw capabilities would not have been enough to bring him to where he is right now. Manny Pacquiao was born a talented fighter but a great champion he was made. He was made great by his training team headed by Freddie Roach.

Thus, when Manny struggled to win a yet another contested victory over Juan Manuel Marquez, the same team, Roach and company, took the blame for the people champ’s comparatively lackluster performance. Indeed, Manny, the congressman was nowhere near his best that night in the ring as a fighter against Marquez. That led to speculations that he is over the hill and approaching the end of his career. Well, it could be too early to say, but talks immediately went from Manny the fighter to Manny the politician. Many experts said he could not be both.

Mega-boxing promoter Bob Arum had talked about Cong. Manny Pacquiao for president? Well, of course nobody has taken it seriously, at least for now. But again, we may also consider that Cong Manny is a born politician (not in the derogatory connotation of the word politician). He has a kind heart and friendly manners. So he could easily learn to be a good leader. Also, he is no stranger to the ways of the common man. This is a constructive quality of a public servant, for always it takes one to understand one.

And another thing, the distance between The House of Representatives and Malacanang is nothing if measured against the vast divide he had conquered in his arduous journey from the dark streets of General Santos, to the bright spotlights of Texas and Nevada, then, to the equally dazzling halls of Congress.

If good fighters are born and champions are made, in the same manner, politicians are born but leaders are made.

Yes, talent is innate, yet, it has to be cultivated. Good chickens are hatched; good qualities are inherited by the offspring from the parents. But these qualities will not manifest later if the offspring is not raised or conditioned properly. Under many circumstances, along the way, excellent genotype may not necessarily translate to excellent phenotype.

The point here is: could Manny Pacquiao, be yet turned into a good leader by some different sort of handlers.


Sound chickenomics 2

Posted by Rey Bajenting on November 8, 2011 at 8:35 PM Comments comments (0)

 By Rey Bajenting

Antibiotics literally means anti life. The word itself, should ring some bells in our minds. Antibiotics, designed to kill bad bacteria, will kill the good bacteria as well. And recent studies have pointed out that excessive use of antibiotics in human and livestock has caused more problem than we can handle

For years due to the one sided information fed to us, we were led to believe that all bacteria are bad. The vested interest of chemical and pharmaceutical companies manipulated us— from doctors to patients— into prescribing and taking antibiotics, even when hardly necessary.

This has been more pronounced in the livestock industry. Antibiotics are given to poultry and other livestock not only as treatment for illness but also as prevention and even as growth factor. So people consuming these livestock, fell victim to various adverse effects.

Then things became more unimaginable when the game fowl industry in the Philippines started to boom in the late 1990s and early 2000. At that time the world has long begun to be wary of the adverse effects of excessive and abusive use of antibiotics. Some countries had already started cracking down on the practice, but companies selling antibiotics for game fowl, despite being aware of this fact, introduced the practice of giving antibiotics to game fowl even if unnecessary. I remember that one company, that claimed to be the market share leader in the game fowl feeds, supplement and medication business, even recommended the use of its antibiotic products right on the first few days of the chicks life.

The company recommended that we use three of its products alternately starting on day 1. But why, if the chicks are healthy? The company did not even warn us then that bacteria may develop immunity to antibiotics and will become harder to kill when necessary. Imagine healthy chicks in the brooder, unexposed to elements and danger of contacting disease were already bombarded with antibiotics. It was not only money gone to waste, it was also detrimental to the chicks that we hoped to grow into champions.

Of course, the companies were motivated by profit. But, at the expense of the ordinary sabungero’s pocket.

I can’t imagine how these companies blatantly disregarded the interest of the game fowl raisers. Were they taking advantage of our relative ignorance of the bad effects of anti biotics? Well, that’s the most likely explanation. Maybe they wanted to dump on the game fowl industry in the Philippines, the products that had been banned in other countries.

Good it will not remain for long. The advent of quick information technology will correct this in the near future.

Soon we will not be fooled. Before the advent of these companies, breeders were doing fine. I can still recall a famous breeder saying “if it ain’t broke why fix it? He was saying that don’t treat a chicken if it is not sick. But, things changed when the companies started spending millions in advertisements, seminars and endorsers. We were than brainwashed into using antibiotics for prevention, for flushing, and for what else.

Well, that’s part of the game. What is free enterprise for? After all they can always say consumers have the choice. Yes, but back then, the playing field was not level. Did we really have the choice when all we can hear were the companies’ propaganda? There were their uncontested marketing hype, print ads, TV commercials, and even product presentations disguised as seminars on game fowl management. Have you tried attending these seminars? What did you learn? You will learn to use their products.

Now, this has changed a bit. The free flow of information on the web and other high tech sources has seen to it that consumers have access to the other side of the story. The ills of antibiotics have slowly came to fore. Soon we will not be ignorant of it anymore. ( Roosterman is back to subscribe for free or download a copy please go to:


Sound chickenomics

Posted by Rey Bajenting on October 31, 2011 at 10:50 PM Comments comments (0)

By Rey Bajenting 

I’ve been receiving numerous comments and questions why in my columns, blogs, write ups, books, seminars and advices I always recommend the use of affordable type of feeds instead of premium ones. For example pegion pellets, with a little grains and BSC to balance the protein, instead of stag developers or hi protein conditioners. Well, my answer is always that raising or fighting chickens should also be governed by economics. Sound economics that is.

We should always take into consideration the value of anything we do. What is the cost and the corresponding benefit. Thus, we factor in the difference in the cost and the difference in the benefit.

In the case of feeds, branded premium feeds such as stag developers, breeders’ pellets and hi-protein conditioners, are much more expensive, but with little difference in benefits. The reason is marketing related. A very substantial portion in the difference between the price of “premium” gamefowl feed and the price of the ordinary chicken feed constitutes the maker’s additional expense for packaging and advertising and has little to do with improved feed quality.

Another reason may be that companies may have also taken advantage of the chicken lover’s urge to provide his beloved fowl anything that is perceived to give it some advantage over the opponent. More expensive feeds and supplements are perceived by most as more advantageous. But this is not really the case. Some items are more expensive because they are meant to be marketed as such. Like signature brands in the fashion world.

It is also true in prices of game fowl. Some known breeders sell their chickens at very high prices, but it does not necessarily mean that their chickens are much better than all the others. Otherwise, they should have dominated sabong. See? Up to now no body yet has dominated sabong to that extent.

Cockfighting is a sport, it is enjoyable as long as it is affordable. Of course, the word affordable is relative. What is not affordable to us ordinary sabungeros might be affordable to them the elites. At any rate my advices are always meant for those who need or want to save.

Those who do not need or want to save, then go ahead, at any rate you are helping the game fowl industry. You are the bread and butter of the companies.



Some important reminders on fight day

Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 3, 2011 at 10:30 PM Comments comments (0)

                       On the day of the fight, try to bring the cock to the cockpit early. Arriving before daybreak is best. This will allow more than an hour’s rest before they are fed. This also means that the cocks were hauled while still dark, thus they were simply resting inside the traveling boxes all the while.

                                         But mainly, so you can start with the pointing proper in the cockpit. It is not advisable to start the pointing proper at the farm and then disrupt it in the middle of the process by hauling the birds from the farm to the cockpit.

                                         If it is a short haul, say a matter of 20 minutes or so, you may do the traveling at noon after limbering the roosters and checking the droppings.

                                         Of course, before leaving the farm you have seen to it that everything you need are readied and brought along. Some of the basics are the folding stalls where you will rest your cocks in the cockpit, some dark cloth to darken these stalls; folding wire pens for limbering, some litter for very light scratching, banana leaves for cooling, teaser cocks, drinking water for the cocks, pointing feeds, water sprayer, water buckets, and some other items you may need in the cockpit.

                                         It is also wise to make your handlers as comfortable as possible as they have to stay in the cockpit for hours during which they have to be in form and alert all the time. Bring some folding chairs and tables; hot and cold water dispenser; provision such as coffee, soft drinks, sandwiches, and packed meals.( Alcoholic drinks and cigarettes are prohibited in the cock house because chickens are sensitive to offensive odors, moreover if your cock house is air-conditioned).

                                         The idea is to avoid the handlers leaving the cock house every now and then to get something they need. Also comfort keeps the mind clear, and thus they could concentrate on keepingan eye on the roosters and monitoring the progress of their pointing.       

                                       When traveling, position the boxes containing the roosters sideways to the direction to which the vehicle travels. This will enable the birds to better cope with the frequent stop and forward motions of the vehicle as the birds will just sway sideways instead of bracing forward and backward if they were positioned parallel to the vehicle’s direction.

                                         Select boxes with the right measurement so that the cocks will have just enough elbow room but not too much spare space that they would be thrown sideways inside the boxes every time the vehicle stops or accelerates.

                                         If your ride is air-conditioned, be sure to open the windows a bit to allow air and moisture from outside get into the vehicle especially on long trips. Air-conditioning units are also dehumidifiers. They may tend to prematurely dry up the roosters and point them earlier than intended.

                                         Prepare your cock house the night or hours before the birds’ arrival. If it is air-conditioned, the air-conditioning unit must be switched on hours before, to stabilize beforehand the temperature and humidity  at the desired levels. If it is not air-conditioned, still check for stale air, foul odor, and for anything that might cause discomfort to either chickens or humans.

                                         On arrival, set everything up first before taking the roosters out of the boxes. Spread the banana leave sall over the place. It will somehow make the environment cool and fresh. Live plants if available would also help a lot in cleansing the air inside the cockhouse of carbon dioxide and replacing it with oxygen.

                                         Set up the limber pens and the stalls. Take the roosters out of the boxes and place them in the limbering pens. Take note of how their body reacted to the travel. Are they dried up, are they still very wet or just about right?

                                         Then, immediately get hold of the fight schedule and calculate the estimated fight time of each cock. You can do this by ascertaining what time the derby will start. Then initially allow six fights for every hour. But make proper adjustments as the fights progress. Some derbies can manage more than six fights an hour, while others settle for less than six.



The science of pointing

Posted by Rey Bajenting on March 4, 2011 at 3:01 AM Comments comments (0)

                 Pointing is the final stage in the gamefowl’sconditioning for the actual fight. If conditioning is to prepare a cock for battle, pointing is to prepare the cock for the day, and even, for the moment of battle. Lately, pointing has become a specific stage of the gamefowl’s preparation specialized by some higher masters of the game. It is not uncommon nowadays that the pre-conditioning and conditioning stages are handled by assistant handlers and feeders. But, most of the time it is  the chief conditioner who will take care of pointing. It is the culmination of all the time, effort and knowledge put into the gamefowl being prepared for the fight. Here, in this final act, there would be no room for mistakes.

The ability to point the gamefowl properly has grown  in proportion as far as influence in the outcome of the fight is concerned. At, the top level competition it seems that chickens are now created about equal. The best bloodlines are now available to hundreds if not thousands of Filipino breeders, who know the right breeding methods and are affluent enough to provide the right environment for the gamefowl. A look at the results of the numerous stag derbies held annually during the stag season tend to support such contention.

Conditioning then may be looked upon as the factor that might tilt the balance. Yet, within that spectrum is another important factor—the ability to point a well conditioned chicken. The best conditioning will go down the drain if not coupled with proper pointing.

With this hypothesis in mind, RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology devoted some time to the research and study of the science of pointing, premissed on the characteristic of  Filipino sabong. The study was placed in the perspective of the fact that Filipino slasher fighting is fast and furious. “Isang tama ka lang”

Thus, RB Sugbo came up with a concept of pointing based on the principle of stress management with a view to timely adrenaline rush. We call the method Power Pointing. (For free copy of Power Pointing click Free Books & Publications on the navigation bar upper left corner of this page).






Analyze wins as well as losses

Posted by Rey Bajenting on February 4, 2011 at 5:00 AM Comments comments (0)

A fight barely won is actually a near loss. Analyze such a win carefully. Analyze wins as well as losses. Always take note of the performance of your cocks regardless of the outcome.

     Did your rooster perform as expected? Or it performed badly? If so try to analyze.  Pinpoint the possible causes. Your main allies in proper post fight assessment are an open mind and efficient recording.

     Determine whether your cock won because it performed well or it won despite its bad performance. If it lost, also try to find out why.

     Bad performance by your rooster, win or lose, should be a cause for concern.

     An open mind will enable you to objecting asses the performance of your cock will make it easy for you to accept mistake, if any. Good record-keeping of what you did during the conditioning when enable you to pinpoint the mistake.

     Focus on hat transpired in the last few days, particularly after the final sparring.Most likely, it is in this period that the problem had occurred. The cock you entered passed the final selection, so the blunder or problem must have taken place after the final sparring session.

     Analyze,pinpoint and correct.





Pointing by stress management

Posted by Rey Bajenting on October 21, 2010 at 10:45 AM Comments comments (0)

                              In a recent MANA seminar on gamefowl conditioning, during which I spoke on the science of pointing, I was besieged with questions regarding my oft-repeated pointers about stress as factor in pointing.

                             Stress management is actually the foundation of RB Sugbo’s pointing method. Stress triggers the release of the hormone epiniphine or adrenaline known as the fight or flight hormone. We know what wonders adrenaline could do. This is why:

                             “Epinephrine stimulates breakdown of the storage of polysaccharide glycogen within livercells and muscle cells. Glycogen Depolymerization releases the sugarglucose-1-phosphate, increasing the energy supply for cells. Thus, one effect of epinephrine, secreted from the adrenal gland during times of physical and mental stress, is the mobilization of fuel reserves.” (Campbell; Biology 4thEdition)

                        Now you don’t have to wonder anymore why in an emergency such as fire, you could lift and carry to safety valuable belongings that you certainly could not do during normal circumstances.

                             Our principle is that with all the noise, the unfamiliar faces and the new environment in the cockpit, no matter what we do, we could not prevent stress from eventually happening to chickens. That being the case, we might as well make stress work to our advantage by timing the resulting adrenaline rush to occur exactly at the time of the fight.

                             Mostly,we advocate an all-natural method of managing the rush of adrenaline. However,in the back of our mind, we entertain thoughts of exploring other possibilities. For instance, we stumbled upon some studies that caffeine increases endurance, speed and power in a variety of sports (RMIT University inAustralia and University of Ontago in New Zealand). There are a number of theories about how caffeine enhances performance, but the more recent studies suggest that an important mechanism of action for caffeine is increasing adrenaline levels.

                             Another substance, ephedrine, a natural chemical from Ephedra sinica plant has also been shown to increase the level of dopamine, a precursor to both adrenaline or epinephrine and nor-epinephrine. However, ephedrine and a related chemical pseudoephedrine are strictly regulated substances in many countries, including the Philippines.

                             Indeed, there was a series of experiments we did with some success. It involved a more irect approach to increasing adrenaline level during the fight. Unfortunately,we had yet to secure permission from our partner in the endeavor, my cockin gbuddy Raul Ebeo, to divulge any part of the experiment. (Powergen total foundation supplement, with anabolic steroid)

Important points in stag conditioning

Posted by Rey Bajenting on September 19, 2010 at 12:18 AM Comments comments (7)

Important points in stag conditioning:

1.       Tandaan na sa pagkundisyon ng stag ay gusto nating mangyari sa loob ng 3 buwan ang dapat mangyari sa loob ng dalawang taon kung ang manok ay ilalaban bilang cock.

2.       Ang kailangan ng manok bago masabi na ito na handa na para ilaban ay: sexual,mental, at physical maturity.

3.       Ang sexual, mental at physical maturity ay taglay na ng isang manok na may 2 taon na ang edad. Ngunit ang mga ito ay hindi pa lubos na taglay ng karaniwang stag na 8-10 mos old.

4.       Kaya hindi problema kung ang manok ay ilalaban bilang 2-year old, ngunit napakalaking problema para sa ating paglalaban ng stag.

5.       Kaya palaging tandaan na ang unang layunin sa pagkundisyon ng stag ay ang ma developang sexual, mental at physical maturity nito. At ito ay gagawin natin sa loob lang ng ilang lingo.

6.       Sexual-para sa sexual maturity ang kailangan ay:

a.       Samahan ng babae (natural way of developing sexual maturity)

b.      Testosterone supplement( Scientific). Ang testosterone ay male hormone na nagdedevelop ng sexual maturity ng lalaki.

7.       Mental-Para sa mental maturity i-develop natin ang focus, attention ng stag sa pakipaglaban:

a.       Palakad sa rueda na may ilaw, kahig, sampi, hand spar at frequent short sparring.

b.      Excellent handling. Tender care. Dapat makampante ang stag sa tao. Hindi siya dapat ma-threatened kung may tao dahil ang dami ng tao sa sabungan. Kung ang manok ay hindi takot sa tao ang focus ng kanyang attention ay nasa kalabang manok lang.Dapat ang akala ng stag ay kakampi niya ang tao para kampante siya sa loob ng rueda at naka focus ang isip sa pakipaglaban, wala nang ibang nasa isip.

c.       Sanayin sa kulungan at sa travelling box. Paminsanminsan ay ilagay sa kulungan isa o dalawang oras. Mainam sa tanghali kung kalian mainit upang ito ay makaiwas sa init at makapagpahinga pa. Ilagay din paminsanminsan sa travelling box. Kung maari isakay sa sasakyan at i-travel upang ito ay talagang masanay sa proseso papuntang sabungan.

8.       Physical—Parasa physical development ito ang tandaan:

a.       Nutrition. Ang stag ay growing. O tumutubo pa. Sa isang fully matured cock ang nutritional requirement ay para lang sa day-to-day maintenance ng katawan. Ngunit ang stag dahil growing pa, ay nangangailangan ng mas masustansya na nutrition dahil bukod sa day-to-day na pangangailangan ay kailangan din nito ang extrang sustansya para pagtubo. Dapat sa stag ang may mas mataas na crude protein sapakain. (itlog, karne, atay ng baka, tuna, o protein expander pellet).Kailangan din ang mas mataas na metabolized energy. (whole corn, cracked corn,)

b.      Recommended supplements. Mega legend protein expander pellets for muscle, tissues andanabolic developemnt. Red gel or MEEB for testosterone. Calveex for calcium and vits. A,D,E for bone development. Electrogen and B50/2 for multi vits and minerals. Proxigen or respigen for oxygenation. Voltplex, ribose and glucose for quick energy.

c.       Ehersisyo—Kailanganang ehersisyo para madevelop ang physical na katangian ng stag. Tandaan na sa uri ng sabong (slasher knife) satin ang mas mahalagang i-develop ay ang fast twitch muscles. (muscles more related to speed than power)

                                                              i.     Rotation. Ilipat ng kalalagyan ang manok  ilang beses bawat araw. Ang manok namagtatagal sa isang kinalalagyan ay magiging inactive. Paglipat sa bagong kinalalagyan pagalawgalaw agad ito.

                                                            ii.     Wing muscle development. Hand spar, spar,sampi  flies, etc.

                                                           iii.     Leg muscle development. Kahig, fast kahig,sampi, hand spar, spar.

                                                          iv.     Scratch box. Gamitin ang scratch box bawat panahon na gumagamit ng lakas ang manok sa ehersisiyo. Halimbawa, pagkatapos ng sparring, hand spar o kahig at sampi. Galing sa paggamit ng lakas (slow twitchmuscles) ang muscles ng manok ay dapat i-cool down at ehersisyo naman ang fast twitch muscles upang maiwasan ang tinatawag natin na muscle-bound. A few minutes of fast scratching will exercise fast twitch muscles. Para dito mas mainam ang tuyong dahon ng saging ang ilagay sa scratch box para mas magaan.

                                                            v.     Frequent short sparring. I-spar ang stag ilang beses isang lingo. Ang sparring ang pinakamalapit sa totoong labanan. Tari nalang ang kulang. Kaya dapat masanay ang stag sa mga kilos na dapat niyang gawinsa sabungan. 3 buckles of sparring kahit arawaraw pa ay beneficial sa stag.


Foundation of cocking wisdom

Posted by Rey Bajenting on July 4, 2010 at 1:57 AM Comments comments (1)


of Cocking Wisdom



What is important is not what the masters do, but why they do it.

            It is not enough that we know of the existence of a thing.

We should know what it is meant for. Once we learned

the reasons behind the things the masters do,

 then we can innovate, make changes or form  ideas of our own.

            In short, we may start violating the rules.

To violate the rules after we learned them is innovation,

but to violate the rules before we learned them is ignorance.



                Understanding forms the foundation of wisdom. To observe, listen, learn and finally to understand are the most important steps in the ladder to learning and mastering any discipline.

                They lead one to the way.

                The way of a cockfighter is no different from the ways of the artisan, the merchant or the warrior. All ways of disciplines, sciences, arts and trades are always dictated by understanding.

                Don’t automatically imitate nor reject outright what one does. But try to understand the purpose behind it. It is not the what, which is important, but the why.

                The way to learning the way of the masters in cockfighting is to know the rules first before you try breaking them.

                Breaking a rule you have already mastered is innovation. Breaking a rule you have known nothing about is ignorance.

                It is not just the what nor the how but, more importantly, the why. In order to learn, you do not simply read, memorize and imitate. You have to understand. Then, you can innovate, and create.

                Many cockers do something because they saw, or were told, others do it. It is dangerous because many things in cockfighting apply only to particular cases, not to every situation.You might be imitating someone doing something not applicable to the situation you have at hand. Or you might omit something you ought to do, because you never saw anyone do it.

                Cockfighting is full of funny anecdotes of cases involving gaya-gaya. An example is the habit of some handlers to ruffle the long tail feather or the streamer of their cock shortly before pitting because they saw a handler in a previous fight do it. But the reason it was done was because the cocks fought in the previous fight were identical in plumage, comb type, leg color and even the color of the tapes used,making it hard for the handlers and spectators to tell whose cock was which.Thus, one of the handlers ruffled the long tail feather of his cock as a marking or means of identification if the cocks were locked in a situation wherein they would be difficult to identify. It was utterly unnecessary in the case at hand when the roosters about to be released were a pula and a puti.

                I will cite another example.This one is not funny but vital to the outcome of the fight.

                While waiting for his fight tobe called, the handler gave his bird egg white and apple because a while ago he saw another participant gave his cock the same stuff, and won. He did not realize that in the case of the other fellow the cock about to be fought was over dry. The copycat’s bird however was holding too much body moisture and needed more drying up. The result was not only that he paid the fine for overweight when his fight was called, he also lost the fight badly.

                So, what is important is not what the masters do, but why they do it. Don’t just copy, but understand why the masters do what they do.

                Therefore, it is not enough that you know of the existence of conditioning pens, fly pens, scratch boxes, the different grains and pellets, and the different vitamins and minerals. You should understand the purpose and principles behind every facility and the giving of every nutrient.

                Once you learned the reasonsbehind the things the masters do, then you can innovate, make changes or form your own ideas.

                In short, you may start violating the rules.

                Again remember: to violate the rules after you learned them is innovation, but to violate the rules before you learn them is ignorance.


                Thus, it is not enough that you know there exist some things, and what they are called. It is necessary to know what they are meant for.  For example, in conditioning the gamefowl there are certain facilities and different types of  exercises. . Therefore, now, we should know what these are meant for. Not justwhat we have but why we have them. Not just what we do, but why we ought to do them.



Principles behind the facilities

                These are basic facilities and equipment in keeping and conditioning gamefowl and principles behind each ofthem.


 The tie cord.Thetie cord is the most basic, and the least expensive of these facilities. In its entire life, it is in the tie cord that the cocks stays most of the time. The longer the tie cord the better. But two meters of tie cords and about four  feet of roosting pole are sufficient to serve the purpose.

                The tie cord provides basic exercise as it allows the cock to walk around the whole day, or fly to th eroost whenever it wants to.

                Tie cords should be under sufficient shade to avoid the cock getting too much exposure to the heat of thesun that could kill it. Most of the time, artificial shade in the form of teepees is provided. Tie-cords should be set up in slightly rolling terrain to avoid stagnant water, and should be in grassy area.


Conditioning pens.Then there are the conditioning pens of different sizes and dimensions. Again the bigger the better. But for practical purposes, 10 feet by 10 feet; 4 feet by 8 feet;  6 feet by 6 feet, will suffice. As to the height, 6 feet is enough, with the roost at 4 feet high.

                It is advisable to have varying dimensions as it will encourage the cocks to be more active when rotated to different pens. Note that after a while on a particular place roosters tend to relax and become less active. But when rotated to different-looking pens, they become active again.

                The purpose of rotation keep is to encourage the birds to move around most of the day, thus allowing them ample natural exercise.

                Conditioning pens should not be covered, except for a small area that would provide shelter for the birds in case of rain. Without roofing, it is thus necessary that conditioning pens are placed in shaded areas, ideally under trees.

                Since the purpose is to encourage movement, conditioning pens should be built individually so there will be no walling or partition. Cocks inside the pens should have unhampered view to the outside.


 Flypens. Fou rfeet by eight feet flying pens are standard. Flying pens should be 10 or 12 feet high. The roost should be adjustable at 5, 6, 7, and 8 feet. Initially set the roost at 5 feet to enable the cock to familiarize and become accustomed toa roosting pole higher than the usual 4 feet in the tie cord. Afterward you canset it higher and higher, accordingly.

                Flying pens should be roofed,and with partition between pens. Design the flying pens so that you can place ahen in between two cocks. This will encourage flying as the cocks can only see the hen from the roost. Once at the roost the cocks will likely go down believing he could be with the hen down. Once down he has to fly up again inorder to see the hen. This will be repeated a few times, allowing for some wing exercise, before the cock will finally realize the futility of his effort and settle down.

                If your fly pens also serve as pointing pens, don’t forget to lower the roosting pole as fight day comes closer. And don’t place hens in between the pens anymore.


Training Table. Many conditioners, mostly those in the US where they fight in gaff and short knife,regard the workout table as the foundation of the whole training. On the table they perform such exercises as fly, flip, run roll, and many others to develop the cocks power and stamina.

                Such is not the case in our slasher fighting, in which quickness, cutting ability, timing and presence of mind are more important than power and stamina.


Scratch boxes. Cocks in a conditioning program are fed with high protein, and are subjected to more rigorous exercises, thus, there is the possibility of them becoming muscle-bound and acquiring too much concentration of lactic acid in the muscles. To avoid this, they should be regularly placed in the scratch box. Five to 10 minutes in the box is necessary every time the cocks are subjected to heavy exercise such as sparring, table workouts, kahig or sampi. A few minutes of fast scratching after heavy workout will unwind, relax and tone the leg muscles of the cocks.     For faster and lighter scratching, use dry banana leaves as liter. For heavy scratching which we sometimes resort to in order to develop some leg muscles,use corn or rice straw.

                Throw a few pieces of cracked corn or pellets to the cocks in the box to encourage them to scratch.

 3x3w ire pens. The folding 3 feet by 3 feet wire pens are most popular nowadays. These light-weight and  inexpensive pens are very convenient for limbering the cocks on fight day. However, most days the pens serve as resting pens at the farm for cocks under conditioning regimen. It is advisable to rest the cocks in the keep at noon time as the day gets hotter.The 3 x 3 wire pens under the trees or in the roofed area are ideal for the purpose. These pens could also double as scratch boxes.


Lights. Lights are very important in conditioning cocks for derbies or hacks. You have to make use of lights, not only to accustom the cocks to artificial lights in the cockpit, but more important, to provide longer daylight. Longer daylight, say at least 14 hours, somehow has a positive effect on the gamefowl’s hormones.


Training pit. A lighted training pit will provide an area where you can spar and train the cocks. It should be big enough to provide room for sparring and for the regular palakad, kahig at sampi. It should belighted because many conditioning activities are done at dawn, before daybreak. Also it is a good idea to spar the birds at dawn when they are fully empty and well rested.


Weighing scale.Weighing scale is another must. You can’t condition cocks properly without knowing their fighting weights. Weigh the cocks regularly.


Pointing pens. The pointing pens are smaller versions of the fly pens. Three feet wide, 6 feet long and 5 feet high is ideal. If the intention of conditioning pens is to encourage activity, the pointing pens are designed to encourage rest. Thus,pointing pens should be as covered and enclosed as possible, allowing the cock limited view to the outside. Pointing pens should be set up away from the tie cords and the other pens. They are sort of isolated meditation chambers.


 Holdingstalls. As the fight day nears, it is better to place the cocks in the holding stalls for one or two hours a day until a day or two before the fight when the cocks are placed in the stalls for longer periods. Aside from providing rest, placing the cock in the holding stalls also familiarizes the cock and become used to it, and thus avoid stress that it might experience if it were placed in the stall for the first time on fight day.


 Cockhouse. As the fight draws nearer, cocks are allowed more rest. Thus, the pointing pens, the 3x3 folding pens and the stalls. Two days before the fight, cocks are given much rest. They are placed in holding stalls inside a cock house to completely shelter them from the elements. Some cock houses are air-conditioned to promote controlled environment where temperature and humidity are constantly kept within the birds’ comfort zone.


Principles Behind The Training Exercises

                In my book, what is meant by training is not teaching the cock how to fight beyond its inborn capability and instinct because,  birds have little room in the brain for learning new tricks. The purpose of training in conditioning gamefowl is to tone the muscle for optimum performance, and thus, enhance instinct and reflexes.

                Smartness and agility, like gameness and cutting ability, are bred into the cock. But these are attributes that could be enhanced through ideal rearing, proper nutrition, wise handling and excellent training.

                Training and the so-called exercise would teach the cock fighting style nor would it instill smartness.But definitely with proper training we could enhance or improve some factors that could lead to general improvement of the cock’s inborn fighting abilityand smartness.

                Training and exercise would improv emotor and muscle coordination, power, agility, speed stamina and focus. Marked improvement in these attributes would make the cock appear smarter and a better fighter, when in fact it would just be a case of making the most of that the cock already has.

                My training and exercise are limited to the following:


Rotation from one facility to another.

                                The purpose of this exercise is to encourage movement and activity on the part of the cock being conditioned. Rotation is aimed at increasing metabolism, aid in muscle flexibility, and also, to enhance the cock’s alertness.

                Rotation means transferring the cocks from the tie-cords, to conditioning pens, to fly pens to different tie-cords a number of times within the day.


 Kahig and Sampi

                                Kahig isexecuted by holding cocks by the tail and setting them on the ground face to face, barely beyond pecking distance. In their effort to go at each other, the cocks would push and claw with their legs and feet against the ground. What is important about kahig is that it is a negative strength exercise,meaning muscles are exercised while lengthening not while shortening. Remember when the cock strikes its muscles are lengthening.

                Sampi is done as continuation of kahig, by allowing the cocks still held, by the tails to barely hit each other on a controlled break. The effect of sampi is:because the cocks are held by the tail when they go at each other, they will go vertical not horizontal. This will develop their wing muscles and enhance their-instinct to break higher,



                                The only training that approximates actual combat is sparring. Frequent short sparring sessions are advisable. Sparring does not only improve joint and muscle flexibility, it also enhances killer instinct, and improve reflexes.


 Hand Sparring

                Hand Sparring is allowing the cock being trained to strike at either a dummy cock or a live cock held by hand by the conditioner or handler. The purpose is supposedly to improve striking power, agility and stamina while avoiding the injury that might be inflected by the other cock if it were a real sparring.

                I treat hand sparring though with utmost care. For one, I don’t use dummy cock, when you use dummy cock you will notice that cocks are not too eager to hit a dummy. Using dummy cock will only induce some sort of hesitation on the part of the cock being trained.

                Even with the use of live cock,hand sparring should only be done properly, preferably by an expert, otherwise it would do more harm than good.

 Pro tips on hand sparring:

Always allow the cock being trained to hit with full contact the catch cock or thecock held by hand.

Always time the contact when the legs of the cock being trained are fully extended,thus the muscles are in full stretch.

In teasing the cock being trained with the catch cock never do it in jerky motion,do it in a steady fluid manner.


5. Scratching

                There are two kinds of scratching. Heavy scratching, such as soil scratching and dust bathing. For this a round pen will serve the purpose better than a square pen. The former does not have corners where the cock that is scratching or dust bathing will get trapped and will thus be forced to stop what it is doing.

                These is also light or fast scratching. This is done in the scratch box with light litter as scratching material.

                Heavy scratching which take longer is aimed at muscle development and fat burning while light or fas tscratching which lasts five to ten minutes is for loosening the muscle afterworkout such as kahig, sparring, hand sparring or heavy table exerciseto prevent muscle bound.


 6. Table Workouts

To many cockers table workouts comprises heavy exercise such as several fly’sflip’s, rolls and runs. My table is limited to a few fly’s that merely serve asaerobic exercise. Aerobic are exercises that condition the heart and lungs by increasing the efficiency of oxygen intake. Aerobic excercises are less intense and done for a longer period of time.


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